Kazakhstani Formula of Success

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altby Energy Focus
Twenty years ago in the result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, a new country – Kazakhstan appeared on the world political map.

The current year of 2011 is the anniversary for the Republic, main national holiday, the Independence Day, is celebrated on December 16. In 1991 the Constitutional Law “On the Indepen-dent statehood of the Republic of Kazakhstan” gave a legislative foundation to young state. From that remarkable date the modern history of Kazakhstan has began.
Among the crowning achievements of Kazakhstan are the stability, harmony and peace in the community joining over 120 nationalities.
The statehood establishment was preceded by rocky years of hard and strenuous work on the formation of a new economical, political and social system, establishment of institutes taking into account the world’s advanced economies experience and national peculiarities.
The nation achieved ambitious aims. The bases of the national independence have been confrmed by the territorial integrity and inviolability of the boarders, the economy transitioned to a free market development and is actively integrating to the global market.
The principal outcome is the world-wide recognition of Kazakhstan, consolidation of the its authority on the regional and international levels.

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Economical Achievements. Kazakhstan has become a possessor of impressive indicators in the economical sphere in a relatively short period.
Development of the oil and gas sector is the “locomotive” of the Kazakhstani economy. Rapid development of production and export of raw materials allowed Kazakhstan to overcome the global economical and fnancial crisis and to ensure high economical growth. The revenues from the sale of raw resources, accumulated in the National Fund, served as “safety cushions” for the economy during the hardest period and allowed the government performing social obligations and implementing various programs. Today the national economy growth is keeping trending up ensuring dynamic development of the market relations and a consequent integration into the world economic relationships. Privatization has been conducted, effective tax, bank, pension systems were created, as well as entrepreneurship was formed and is actively supported. Besides, in the years of independence a great work has been done on the improvement of the legislative system that meet the require-ments of the state with the market economy. Thanks to the energy sector serving as the launching platform for the national economical growth, the state focuses on the development of own high technology production industries, reduction of import of consumable commodities, agricultural products and food industry. The course is taken to the forced industrial and innovative development, industrial diversifcation in those industries that are able to export products and create the added value. The new industrial policy is aimed at these objectives, to provide for the integrated development of the industrial, agricultural and scientifc technological sectors.

Social development is also positively characterized at the current stage. The policy of the improving the nation welfare is being actively implemented. In January 1, 2011 the GDP amounted 9 thousand US dollars percapita. In comparison with the GDP in 1994, it is 12 times higher.

According to the classifcation of the World Bank, Kazakhstan is in the group of the nations with the average income. In the last decade, fnancial revenues of the Kazakh-stanis increased fvefold, the average salary increased sixfold, the minimal salary increased 25 times. Such essential achieve-ments make the citizens be optimistic about their future.

Owing to high rates of economic well-being, Kazakhstan is one of the leaders in the CIS. The Republic was one of the frst in the post-Soviet space recognized by the European Union and the United States as a country with market economy. In addition, Kazakhstan - the frst CIS country acquired the investment rating.

Among former Soviet republics Kazakhstan is considered as the country with the most favorable business climate. It was appreciated by foreign investors. Distinctive is that thanks to its positive image Kazakhstan is keeping a leading position in terms of attracting and implementing investment re-sources to develop its economy despite of the current tough situation in global markets. In 2010, the Customs Union of Kazakhstan, Belarus and Russia began operating. Simul-taneously the principal documents on creating of the Common Economic Space of the three states were adopted. The question of Kazakhstan's accession to the World Trade Organization is under review, which directly and indirectly proves that the country is steadily integrating into the global economy and adapting to a global competition.

Political    Achievements.    Kazakhstan stands committed to the integration process, as a full member of many international and interregional organizations, actively pursuing the policy of integration and entering into bilateral and multilateral partnerships with many countries worldwide. Through its initiatives it is gradually devel-oping the political, military, economic and trade cooperation with neighbouring and bordering states. The tools of this partnership are the OSCE, UN, EU, CICA, SCO, the Customs Union, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Organization of Central Asian Cooperation, the Common Economic Space, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

Historical moment in the early independence was the voluntary renunciation of the world's fourth powerful nuclear weapons arsenal. Closure of the largest testing site in Semipalatinsk is a kind of the guarantee of internal security, and a worthy contribution to global security. In this way Kazakhstan clearly identifed the underlying policy of peaceful coexistence, tolerance and openness. The fact that the country is at the forefront of the international anti-nuclear movement has been proven with the event held in the capital in October 2011-the International Forum For the Nuclear-Free World, which was attended by prominent politicians, scientists, including Director General of IAEA Yukiya Amano. The offcial Astana raises different initiatives, constructive proposals and mechanisms on effcient cooperation and approaches to generally acceptable ideas on a regular basis. One of such initiatives we would like to refer is the establishment of the Conference on Interaction and Confdence-Build-ing Measures in Asia (CICA), which take a special place in the system of foreign policy of our state representing its trademark on the world political arena. CICA legitimately claims to be the most ambitious interstate project on the continent. Thus, CICA plays the role of a reliable tool for the construction of external “safety fence” of Kazakhstan and for continentalized security and cooperation in Asia.

During the years of independence, the statehood and democracy institutes were established to provide reliable protection of sovereignty and independence. Reformation was conducted within governance system to provide interaction of the legislative, executive and judiciary powers, and a new legislative and legal base was formed to meet the modern international standards. Stable political situation, interethnic and interconfessional consensus, rational and planned construction of the state are the results of democratic reforms in the country. This means that it is possible to continue the effective implementation of government reforms. In addition, such conferences as the Congress of World and Traditional Religions, held in Astana, contribute to the maintenance of the peace in the world. The very Kazakh capital played a host the frst Summit of OSCE member-states over the last decade. Kazakhstan's chairmanship in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe has brought new waves to activities of the European structures and "revived" it.

Thus, during 20 years of independence under the leadership of the President Nursul-tan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan has made impressive progress in economy, state formation and social sphere. The Programme of the Development Strategy of Kazakhstan until 2030 – basis for all reforms. It defnes the main directions and the sequence of tactical objectives. The Head of Nation's policy enabled the implementation of complex reforms, sustaining stability and unity of the multiethnic and multireligious society. Today this policy is recognized worldwide as the Kazakh model of modernization, as Kazakhstan's development path. Due to effective domestic and foreign policies of the President, the Republic of Kazakhstan takes a worthy place in the world community.

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